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The Latest on Internet Pharmacies, Supplements, Designer Drugs, and Other High-Risk Merchants

LegitScript Issues Report on GMO Internet and its Relationship with Illegal Online Drug Marketers

Download the English report. 日本語のレポートはここです。

LegitScript seeks to help protect public health on a global scale by notifying domain name registrars about cybercriminals selling unregulated, often unsafe medicines. Most of the world’s ~1,000 domain name registrars terminate services to these “rogue Internet pharmacies,” thus shutting down the websites and making the Internet safer.

But a few registrars do not. Today, LegitScript released a report about one such company, GMO Internet, which by our estimate sponsors about 66% of the illegal online pharmacies targeting Japan.

As we explain in our report, GMO Internet has repeatedly been notified that its services are used by rogue Internet pharmacies putting Japanese citizens’ health and safety at risk. In an effort to work with GMO Internet and explain how most other registrars around the world deal with the problem — by terminating services to cybercriminals — we’ve done everything we can think of. We’ve written numerous emails identifying the illegal online pharmacies. We’ve mailed a certified letter. We’ve submitted memoranda explaining the problem. We’ve even flown to Japan to try to meet with them in person.

The same response was provided by GMO in every case, in essence: We aren’t interested in doing much about this, so go away and complain to someone else. Yet all the while, GMO Internet has quietly continued its business relationships with the rogue Internet pharmacies — a practice wholly out of step with most other domain name registrars around the world.

This is important, and unfortunate, for a few reasons.

First, Japan is the world’s second-largest target of cybercriminals selling unregulated medicines (the US is the first). About 10% of the Internet’s rogue pharmacies are written in Japanese, and another 75% or so offer to ship to Japan, along with other countries. There are multiple instances in Japan and globally of deaths and serious health consequences from the use of illegally marketed unapproved drugs, making GMO Internet’s neglect a serious problem.

GMO Facebook page screen shot

GMO Internet identifies itself as “The Internet Group that represents Japan” (日本を代表する総合インターネットグループへ).

Second, it does not have to be this way, a fact proven by how most registrars aside from GMO Internet respond to abuse complaints. Registrars in Japan, such as NetOwl, and abroad, like GoDaddy (US), eNom (US), Directi (IN), Blacknight (IE), BizCN (CN), Realtime Register (NL), and many others responsibly terminate services to illegal online pharmacies targeting Japan, even though those registrars are located in other jurisdictions. In other words, the irony is that these foreign companies are doing more to protect Japan’s public health than a leading Japanese company is.

Third, GMO Internet identifies itself as “The Internet Group that represents Japan” (日本を代表する総合インターネットグループへ). And so it does: as the largest domain name registrar in Japan, it is often seen outside of Japan as a representative of the Japanese Internet community and of Japan itself. As one of the few registrars that refuses to terminate services to domain name owners illegally marketing unapproved drugs, it is hard to see how the company represents Japan well.

rogue pharacy example

One of many rogue Internet pharmacies sponsored by GMO Internet.

LegitScript’s report outlines the numerous steps that LegitScript has taken to work with GMO Internet, and also provides examples of the illegal online pharmacy websites that continue to receive a safe haven from the Japanese registrar. It also outlines the response from GMO Internet and the company’s continuing registration of illegal online pharmacies. In releasing this report, we hope to shine a light on why the illegal online pharmacy problem persists, not only globally but also in Japan.

GMO Internet, and the public, should understand that GMO’s response and apparent insistence on continuing to provide services to website operators illegally marketing unapproved drugs is out of step with other domain name registrars around the world. Most of the global registrar community should be applauded for its voluntary actions in the online pharmacy space. In contrast, GMO Internet’s approach is a minority one — but as long as there are a few registrars like GMO Internet, cybercriminals will have a place to go, and Japanese residents who buy drugs online will remain at risk.

  • haileymax

    Hiromi,

    I read through the report linked here. What I found incredibly interesting was the example website whose server provider was an affiliate of GMO Internet. This was while GMO Internet has been claiming you should take your complaints to the server provider. This report also left me with a question, and you will have to forgive me for not knowing the answer to this. My question to you is, if you can clearly show that GMO Internet is breaking their contract with ICANN, is there anyway that ICANN can reprimand GMO Internet for their infraction? If so, how can this be enforced?

    • Hiromi

      Hi Hailey,
      Thank you for your comment! When registrars do not respond to our abuse notifications, we file complaints to ICANN. LegitScript has filed complaints to ICANN regarding GMO Internet in the past, but unfortunately, the problem still remains. You may be interested in reading John Horton’s testimony: https://www.judiciary.senate.gov/imo/media/doc/09-14-16%20Horton%20Testimony.pdf

  • Hiromi

    Hi Hailey,
    Thank you for your comment! When registrars do not respond to our abuse notifications, we file complaints to ICANN. LegitScript has filed complaints to ICANN regarding GMO Internet in the past, but unfortunately, the problem still remains. You may be interested in reading John Horton’s testimony: https://www.judiciary.senate.gov/imo/media/doc/09-14-16%20Horton%20Testimony.pdf